The principles of sustainable tourism and Sustainable Development Goals – SDG’s (new version)


Considering contribution of principles of sustainable tourism in the sustainable development is possible to connect these principles with Sustainable Development Goals – SDG’s from UN as following:

1.    Manage sustainable tourism effectively

Tourism interested parties shall set up and/or promote ethical business processes that seek to engage the corporate responsibility (social, economic and environmental) of those involved, increasing the commitment to the sustainability of destinations and businesses in the elaboration and implementation of mission, goals, strategies, plans and processes of management

Round chart without title
2.    Guarantee the rights of local populations

Tourism interested parties shall seek and promote mechanisms and actions of social and environmental responsibility and economic equality, including the defense of human rights, responsible use of land, resources, consumption of materials and services, maintaining or increasing the dignity of the employees and the well-being of communities involved.

Note Local population can include native population

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3.    Conserve the natural environment and its biodiversity

In all stages of implementation and operation, tourism interested parties shall adopt practices of carrying capacity and minimal impact on the natural environment, including wildlife protection, monitoring and effectively mitigating any negative impact, and thus contribute towards maintaining the natural dynamics and processes of their physical, biological and landscape aspects, taking into account the existing social and economic context. This could include measures related to climate change adaptation.

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4.    Consider the cultural heritage and local values

Tourism interested parties shall recognize and respect the historical-cultural heritage of the tourism destinations. Tourism activities shall be planned, implemented and managed in harmony with the cultural traditions and values, collaborating towards their development.

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5.   Stimulate the social and economic development of tourist destinations

Tourism interested parties shall contribute towards strengthening the local economy, raising skill-levels, increasing economic impacts, generating jobs, work and income, and fomenting the local capacity to develop tourist enterprises stimulating, at the same time, the local responsible supply chains.

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6.    Guarantee the quality of the products, processes and attitudes

Tourism interested parties shall provide reliable information, promote tourism destinations awareness, evaluate tourist satisfaction and encourage the implementation of recognized service standards related, but not limited to sustainability, quality, accessibility and food safety.

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7.    Stimulate the safety and security destinations

Tourism interested parties should contribute to enhance destinations safety and security, increasing levels of safety and security and comfort of local population and tourists.

8.    Take legal compliance into consideration

Tourism interested parties shall identify and be aware of applicable legal requirements.

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According UN Sustainable Development Goals – SDG’s for tourism [source:] could be understand as following:


As one of the largest and fastest growing economic sectors in the world, tourism is well-positioned to foster economic growth and development at all levels and provide income through job creation.

Sustainable tourism development, and its impact at community level, can be linked with national poverty reduction goals, those related to promoting entrepreneurship and small businesses, and empowering less favored groups, particularly youth and women.


Tourism can spur sustainable agriculture by promoting the production and supplies to hotels, and sales of local products to tourists. Agro-tourism can generate additional income while enhancing the value of the tourism experience.


Tax income generated from tourism can be reinvested in health care and services, improving maternal health, reduce child mortality and preventing diseases. Visitors fees collected in protected areas can as well contribute to health services.


Tourism has the potential to promote inclusiveness. A skilful workforce is crucial for tourism to prosper. The tourism sector provides opportunities for direct and indirect jobs for youth, women, and those with special needs, who should benefit through educational means.


Tourism can empower women, particularly through the provision of direct jobs and income-generation from MMEs in tourism and hospitality related enterprises. Tourism can be a tool for women to become fully engaged and lead in every aspect of society.


Tourism investment requirement for providing utilities can play a critical role in achieving water access and security, as well as hygiene and sanitation for all. The efficient use of water in tourism, pollution control and technology efficiency can be key to safeguarding our most precious resource.


As a sector, which is energy intensive, tourism can accelerate the shift towards increased renewable energy shares in the global energy mix. By promoting investments in clean energy sources, tourism can help to reduce green house gases, mitigate climate change and contribute to access of energy for all.


Tourism, as services trade, is one of the top four export earners globally, currently providing one in ten jobs worldwide. Decent work opportunities in tourism, particularly for youth and women, and policies that favour better diversification through tourism value chains can enhance tourism positive socio-economic impacts.


Tourism development relies on good public and private infrastructure. The sector can influence public policy for infrastructure upgrade and retrofit, making them more sustainable, innovative and resource-efficient and moving towards low carbon growth, thus attracting tourists and other sources of foreign investment.


Tourism can be a powerful tool for reducing inequalities if it engages local populations and all key stakeholders in its development. Tourism can contribute to urban renewal and rural development by giving people the opportunity to prosper in their place of origin.

Tourism serves as an effective mean for economic integration and diversification.


Tourism can advance urban infrastructure and accessibility, promote regeneration and preserve cultural and natural heritage, assets on which tourism depends.

Investment in green infrastructure (more efficient transport, reduced air pollution) should result in smarter and greener cities for, not only residents but also tourists.


The tourism sector needs to adopt sustainable consumption and production (SCP) modes, accelerating the shift towards sustainability. Tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for tourism including for energy, water, waste, biodiversity and job creation will result in enhanced economic, social and environmental outcomes.


Tourism contributes to and is affected by climate change. Tourism stakeholders should play a leading role in the global response to climate change. By reducing its carbon footprint, in the transport and accommodation sector, tourism can benefit from low carbon growth and help tackle one of the most pressing challenges of our time.


Coastal and maritime tourism rely on healthy marine ecosystems. Tourism development must be a part of Integrated Coastal Zone Management in order to help conserve and preserve fragile marine ecosystems and serve as a vehicle to promote a blue economy, contributing to the sustainable use of marine resources.


Rich biodiversity and natural heritage are often the main reasons why tourists visit a destination. Tourism can play a major role if sustainably managed in fragile zones, not only in conserving and preserving biodiversity, but also in generating revenue as an alternative livelihood to local communities.


As tourism revolves around billions of encounters between people of diverse cultural backgrounds, the sector can foster multicultural and inter-faith tolerance and understanding, laying the foundation for more peaceful societies. Tourism, which benefits and engages local communities, can also consolidate peace in post-conflict societies.


Due to its cross-sectoral nature, tourism has the ability to strengthen private/public partnerships and engage multiple stakeholders – international, national, regional and local – to work together to achieve the SDGs and other common goals. Public policy and innovative financing are at the core for achieving the 2030 Agenda.


A norma ISO 21401:2018 – Sistema de gestão da sustentabilidade de meios de hospedagem e os objetivos de desenvolvimento sustentável (ODS) da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU)

infografico para norma iso 21401.004

Em 2015 foram definidos pela ONU a Agenda 2030 de Desenvolvimento Sustentável e os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS), os quais foram adotados pelos Estados Membros e incluem questões relevantes como direitos humanos, saúde e segurança, proteção ambiental e desenvolvimento de comunidades locais e da economia local, entre outras.

O cumprimento destes objetivos são compromissos governamentais que envolvem evidentemente também a iniciativa privada, pois o desenvolvimento sustentável se dará pelo engajamento, participação e contribuição de todas as partes interessadas.

A ISO 21401: 2018 (Sistema de Gestão de Sustentabilidade para Meios de Hospedagem) está alinhada com a Agenda 2030 e a sua implementação ajudará as organizações a atingirem os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável, essencialmente, gerenciando os principais aspectos e impactos da sustentabilidade relacionados ao negócio.

Além disto os meios de hospedagem terão como benefícios, o fortalecimento de seus negócios, o aumento de competitividade e a melhoria de suas decisões.

Alguns exemplos de conexões entre a norma ISO 21401 e Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS) são:

ISO 21401


Dimensão Ambiental

Áreas naturais, biodiversidade, flora e fauna

preservar sua própria área natural através da implementação de práticas de conservação e tomar medidas para promover a conservação da flora e da fauna.

Resíduos sólidos, efluentes e emissões

medidas para reduzir, reutilizar ou reciclar os resíduos sólidos e medidas para minimizar o impacto causado pelos efluentes líquidos ao meio ambiente e à saúde pública.

Eficiência energética

medidas para minimizar o consumo de energia, particularmente de fontes de energia não renováveis.

Conservação e gestão do uso da água

controlar e registrar o consumo de água de fontes externas e de suas próprias fontes.

Dimensão social

Comunidades locais

desenvolver ou estar engajado em ações ou iniciativas voluntárias promovidas por comunidades, organizações governamentais e não-governamentais, com o objetivo de contribuir para o desenvolvimento das comunidades locais

Trabalho e renda

estar comprometido com o uso da população local e produção, incentivando associações locais, qualidade e sustentabilidade.

empregar, na medida do possível, trabalhadores (empregados, subcontratantes ou autônomos) de comunidades locais ou regionais.

Condições de trabalho

garantir que os salários atinjam pelo menos o salário mínimo da categoria e que as instalações dos funcionários atendam às condições mínimas de higiene, segurança e conforto.

Aspectos culturais

iniciativas para promover o conhecimento, a preservação e o respeito pela cultura local.

População nativa

medidas que garantam o respeito aos hábitos, direitos e tradições da população nativa, promovendo sua efetiva participação no processo de gestão da atividade em sua terra ou região, quando aplicável.

Dimensão Econômica

Viabilidade econômica

implementar suas atividades e serviços, considerando sua sustentabilidade econômica no curto, médio e longo prazo.

Qualidade e satisfação do hóspede

implementar produtos e serviços considerando o perfil e as expectativas dos hóspedes. O planejamento de produtos e serviços deve priorizar as tradições sociais e a hospitalidade local.

Saúde e segurança de hóspedes e trabalhadores

estabelecer procedimentos para identificação contínua de riscos, avaliação de riscos e implementação de medidas de controle necessárias.


ISO 21401:2018 – Sustainability management system for accommodation establishments and Sustainable development Goals (SDG) from UN (United Nations)

infografico para norma iso 21401.005

In 2015, the UN defined the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), which have been adopted by Member States and include relevant issues such as human rights, health and safety, environmental protection and the development of local communities and local economy, among others.

The fulfillment of these objectives are part of governmental commitments that obviously also involve the private initiative, because the sustainable development will be through the engagement, participation and contribution of all the interested parties.

ISO 21401: 2018 (Sustainability Management System for Accommodation Establishments) is aligned with Agenda 2030 and its implementation will help organizations achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, essentially managing the main aspects and impacts of sustainability related to the business .

In addition, the accommodation establishments will have as benefits, the strengthening of its businesses, the increase of competitiveness and the improvement of its decisions.

Some examples of connections between ISO 21401 and Sustainable Development Objectives (SDG) are:

ISO 21401 SDG

Environmental Dimension

Natural areas, biodiversity, flora and fauna

preserve its own natural area by implementing conservation practices and take measures to promote flora and fauna conservation.

Solid waste, effluents and emissions

measures to reduce, reuse or recycle solid waste and measures to minimize the impact caused by liquid effluents to the environment and to public health.

Energy efficiency

measures to minimize energy consumption, particularly from non-renewable energy sources.

Conservation and management of water usage

control and record the consumption of water from external sources and from its own sources.


Social Dimension

Local communities

develop or be engaged in voluntary actions or initiatives promoted by communities, governmental and non-governmental organizations, with the objective of contributing to the development of local communities.

Work and income

be committed to the use of local people and production, encouraging local associations, quality and sustainability.

employ, to the greatest extent possible, workers (employees, subcontractors or freelancers) from local or regional communities.

Work conditions

ensure that wages at least meet the minimum wage for the category and that employee facilities meet the minimum conditions of hygiene, safety and comfort.

Cultural aspects

initiatives to promote knowledge, preservation and respect for local culture.

Native population

measures to ensure respect for the habits, rights and traditions of the native population, promoting their effective participation in the management activity process in their land or region, where applicable

Economic Dimension

Economic viability of the organization

implement its activities and services, considering its economic sustainability in the short, medium and long term.

Quality and guest satisfaction

implement products and services considering guest profile and expectations. Planning of products and services shall prioritize social traditions and local hospitality.

Health and safety of guests and workers

establish procedures for continuous risk identification, risk assessment and the implementation of necessary control measures.